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所有你想知道复活节岛,但不敢问

更新时间:2018-09-11  责任编辑:admin

Geography

Easter Island (Rapa Nui in the native Easter Island language) is situated in the southeastern Pacific Ocean 1分钟一开大发快三规律–; it’;s an overseas territory of Chile。 It’;s the most isolated inhabitated area, and it’;s famous for the monumental statues, called moai (pronounced MOE-eye) which have fascinated and baffled people for many, many years; and still, no good explanation stands。 As you can see from below, there are three Rano (freshwater crater lakes), at Rano Kau, Rano Raraku and Rano Aroi, but no rivers or streams。

easter

Photo by wikipedia

History

easter island

Photo by momentito

It’;s history is just fascinating! It’;s really rich and impressive, but still highly controversial。 1200 years ago a double-hulled canoe filled with seafarers from a distant culture landed upon its shores。 During the centuries that followed, a remarkable society developed in isolation on the island, thriving and fluorishing。 Here, the theories start to diverge, and no two are alike。 What’;s known for sure, is that they endured famines, epidemics, civil war, slave raids and colonialism which made their whole society crumble to dust –; more than once! Yet, they managed to leave a cultural legacy that surpassed everything you could expect。

Moai (statues) and other carvings

easter island

Photo by glider king

These statues are the most important reason for the island’;s fame。 Due to the fact that the island was a volcanic one, they had several types of rocks to build from (Basalt, Obsidian, and more important –; Tuff from Rano Raraku, which was used for most of the Moai)。 These impressive monolithic human figures were carved mostly between 1250 and 1500 AD, are some of the most incredible ancient relics ever discovered。 The Moai are the ‘;living faces’; and lavish representations of ancestors who had been deified。 But how were hundreds of these giants that weighed 10-80 tons (one unfinished Moai had the weight of 270 tons) created and more interesting, moved across the island? Also, what would be the point of building them? Nobody has been able to come up with a satisfying answer to these questions。

本文源自: 环亚国际

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